Patients should not decide on their own whether to get braces or Invisalign. Unfortunately, some people ask their orthodontist to prescribe certain types of orthodontics. However, a certified orthodontic specialist can only prescribe oral procedures after conducting a dental diagnosis. The good news is that an orthodontist can fix many different types of teeth problems. One of the most common issues that orthodontists encounter is biting issues. This article highlights bite issues that an orthodontist can address.
Overbite -- An overbite is a condition where the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth. Many people do not realize that almost everyone has a slight overbite. An orthodontist only comes in when the overlap is too much. An overbite can cause several issues, such as excessive enamel wear, poor speech and undue stress on the jaw joint. The condition is usually genetic. While clear braces can help correct an overbite, an orthodontist should examine the severity before recommending corrective measures. For instance, Invisalign might be suitable for a mild overbite, while surgery is suitable for a severe condition.
Crossbite -- A crossbite is the opposite of an overbite and occurs when the top teeth are behind the bottom teeth. Crossbite can either be posterior (if the back teeth are involved) or anterior (if it occurs in the mouth's front part). Although genes are mostly to blame for a crossbite, particular oral behaviour such as prolonged thumb sucking can cause the condition. If you have a child with a crossbite, take them to an orthodontist immediately for correction. The reason is that leaving the issue unchecked forces a child to overcompensate by moving their jaws awkwardly, leading to permanent changes in the facial structure.
Open Bite -- You may have come across people with a lisp in their speech, which can be caused by an open bite where the upper and lower teeth do not touch when the jaws are closed. In addition to interfering with speech, an open bite can affect the ability to chew correctly. An open bite is best corrected with braces, which help draw the teeth together gradually. It is easy to work on an open bite if it is diagnosed early. An open bite needs more than braces in adults, and severe cases often call for a minor jaw surgery. Orthodontists advise that the best way to prevent open bites in children is by stopping habits such as tongue thrusting and thumb sucking.