Some lucky people have their wisdom teeth emerge without causing any problems, but for many people these extra molars can be a source of pain. Dentists often recommend wisdom tooth removal to resolve some of these issues. Here are just a few reasons why your dentist may recommend that they remove one or more of your wisdom teeth.
Crowding is a common issue when wisdom teeth start to push their way through the gums, which typically happens several years later than the other molars erupt. If there isn't enough space in your mouth for the wisdom teeth to move into, they can push other teeth out of the way, leading to serious misalignment that requires orthodontic treatment. Early wisdom tooth removal can prevent crowding from causing complications and problems with your other teeth.
Sometimes, wisdom teeth don't erupt all the way out of the gums. They can be fully impacted (completely encased in gum tissue) or partially impacted (some of the chewing surface buried under the gum). Impacted wisdom teeth are an infection risk and can lead to abscesses, which is why many dentists recommend dental surgery to remove them.
3. Cleaning Problems
Keeping wisdom teeth clean can be very tricky, particularly if they are partially impacted. If a flap of gum tissue covers one of your wisdom teeth, you will need to slide your toothbrush under it every day to get a thorough clean, which can lead to soreness. Even if your wisdom teeth are fully erupted, it can be hard to floss between them. Your dentist might recommend removing wisdom teeth that are difficult to clean to prevent the build-up of plaque and tartar.
4. Damage to Tongue or Cheeks
Wisdom teeth often erupt pointing either outwards towards the cheeks or inwards towards the tongue. If your wisdom teeth are oriented in either of these ways, it can be very difficult to eat without accidentally cutting your tongue or the soft tissue inside your cheeks. Removing the wisdom teeth can prevent injuries and ulcers.
The pressure exerted by wisdom teeth on the bones and other structures at the back of your mouth can lead to headaches. If you have crowding in the back of your mouth and often suffer from headaches, your dentist might suggest wisdom tooth removal as a possible solution to your problem. Ask your dentist if this treatment could be suitable for you.